Our in depth review of how the different cannabinoids found in CBD hemp oil can help benefit your health and wellbeing through the integrated and comprehensive interaction of the endocannabinoid system with the body can be viewed here. As we’ve already gone in depth on these benefits and how the ECS works, we’ll leave that out of this piece. What’s becoming more and more clear over time is the endocannabinoid system is able to assist the body in numerous ways from improving sleep quality to enhancing immunity and mood, what we want to dive into more is how to get the best results from the ECS – in other words, how to best take CBD Hemp Oil.
If you’re reading here you’re likely asking yourself what the best CBD Hemp oil or cannabidiol intake method are, well the good news is – we’ve got you covered. We’ll look at what the different forms of cannabis are, how it gets processed into CBD Hemp oil, and what the different ways to take this health supplement look like – from capsules, edibles, oils and more.
What are the different ways CBD Hemp Oil is made?
All hemp oils and hemp products fundamentally come from hemp – that is obvious. They’re all a by-product of extraction and production processes, whether manual or industrial that leave you with end products like hemp fibre, hemp protein, hemp oil, hemp tinctures, hemp creams and topicals. Each of these can be used for the body in a different way and each has different advantages and disadvantages. While less common today, even more innovative and new methods of taking CBD are cropping up around the world as technology improves, from sublingual strips, gummies, sprays and more. It’s becoming increasingly simple and effective to get the benefits of CBD Hemp Oil without difficulty. These products can also be easy to transport, store and keep for a long period, having a strong perishable life.
But how do these CBD end products get produced?
Firstly, let’s take a look at processing of the cannabis plant. Before being extracted and transformed into the products you know and use, cannabis is grown in industrial hemp plantations, which specialise in breeding cannabis strains that contain no THC to avoid the psychoactive and health risks associated with marijuana. Industrial hemp only contains cannabidiol and is used in a broad range of applications from rope to clothes to shoes. The plants are grown over time to their full mature adult forms which can take around 6 months, before they’re harvested and processed by drying and storing in cooling spaces. Depending on soil, moisture and environmental conditions this process can take longer or shorter periods of time, particularly if the plants are fertilised and fed well which can enhance their vitality and growth significantly.
Typically plants that are grown and cultivated indoors or within greenhouses and controlled environments are able to be much more methodically grown with greater efficiency, yielding more CBD and enhancing their fibres for industrial use. This type of agriculture is also usually better for the land as it will reduce the impact of phosphates and insecticides on soil and waterways. There are two categories of cannabis – sativa and indica, each having differing effects, physiology and botanical profiles. Sativa takes around 3-4 months to become fully mature and ready for harvest, compared to indica taking around 2-3 months. The plants are typically farmed in industrial hemp plantations in Australia which are heavily regulated and controlled to ensure no THC content enters the plants due to the law. Each farm and business owner can have differing agricultural and harvest practices, which vary from highly mechanised and automated operations to mum and dad organic farms. They also differ heavily in usage of GMO and pesticide techniques, which can greatly affect how the final product turns out – we prefer non GMO and pesticide sources to prevent any potential carcinogens or nasties from contaminating the product.
After the plants have matured they’re harvested and pesticide or herbicide spray might be washed from the plants in some cases, depending on the farmer. Increasingly herbicides like RoundUp are being found to be carcinogenic, with many other widespread industrial herbicides likely having negative effects which aren’t yet widely known or acknowledged by the agricultural industry. What’s common across all the harvest processes is they all must remove the long branches and stems of the plants which have little value commercially and contain very hard and strong fibres that are hard to use. These can be separated by hand or using machinery and automated processes.
How is this done? There are three key steps in removing the valuable buds, flowers and leaves that are used to reap the CBD rich hemp oils and extracts that can be used in products as well as hemp proteins. First, larger leaves from the outside of the plant (which have sharp triangular edges you may know) are taken off, these can be used for end products like hemp protein as they have minimal fibre content but contain much of the plant’s flesh and weight. Next, the plants are trimmed of their smaller inner leaves and stems which contain much of the buds as well as flowers used in cannabis oil and similar products. Extract oils can also be transformed into items like topical hemp cream for arthritis or moisturising oils for the face. The final stage involves the flower buds and inner stems which contain lower concentration of oil and cannabidiol but can be used as concentrates in certain products.
After the three stages of harvesting are completed, the plant produce that has been taken from the mature plants is dried and allowed to develop in cool air where it concentrates into the final plant extract that is then pressed for oil. This can take up to a couple of weeks. In this process the flowers and buds are removed in a manual trimming and sorting action, which are then further dried in containers that are vacuum sealed to prevent oxygen contaminating and decaying the plants (which can catch mould, fungi and other contaminants that can spoil the crop – much like other vegetables and plants). Storing the plant matter is known as the curing process, which can take weeks to months to complete in order to age the plant and let its chemical compounds develop. Again the curing length and method – whether vacuum sealed or open air, using jars, using vats or other means varies depending on the farmer and their particular method of operating. It can vary from lengthier cures that are done by more reputable and high end growers to very rapid and short (or even skipping the cure) for black market operators.
Curing helps to both develop the plant matter and extend its shelf life, allowing it to be stored and kept for longer without degrading significantly. How do you choose the right grower or reputable product? It’s difficult in Australia where the market is still nascent and developing and many operators are not yet fully operating at a mature, efficient and quality focused cadence but this is changing over time. One of the best methods is to find third party, non biased reviews from reputable CBD Hemp Oil testers and sites in order to validate and assess whether the product is reliable and delivers true benefits.
What are the types of CBD Hemp oil products and dietary supplements?
There are a few different varieties of plant matter and processed forms of cannabis after its been harvested, based on the different sections of the plant in its biology. Each can have differing cannabinoid compound content, differing fibre and nutrient levels and has differing uses for industrial purposes as well as dietary. Let’s examine the top types of hemp products after the harvesting and extracting processes have been completed, to understand more about what your options are for supplementation and dietary delivery.
Firstly – concentrates. As the name suggests, concentrates are concentrated forms of cannabis or hemp which result from extracting the plant resin or oil from the plant. Most of the time these are produced from trim and buds which are higher in resin and cannabinoid content than the stems and body of the plant. Compounds like CBA, CBG and CBD are especially abundant in these areas of the plant which are the focus of the extraction. There are two concentrate types – full spectrum and isolate concentrates. The difference between these is that full spectrum extraction results in much more of the non cannabinoid compounds in hemp such as terpenes, flavonoids and chlorophyll to be present in the final oil product. Isolates instead almost exclusively contain cannabinoids and filter out most other by-products which leaves a more pure (albeit with likely lower nutritional profile) essence of hemp extract that is very high in CBD content – or THC if this is the extract focus. Depending on the process used the final product can contain CBD only or a combination of CBD and THC.
Extraction processes can vary significantly in chemicals used and methods performed to reach the final extracted hemp oil products. From propane, ethanol and Co2, there are a number of differing ways the cannabinoid and resins can be extracted from the buds and trim of the plant, but Co2 is typically considered the best process and most clean for the end user by minimising chemical by-products and potential contamination of the end product. Solvents can be completely avoided in certain extraction methods that use gas only to completely remove any chance of solvents ending up in the final extract. Where possible opt for solvent-less methods.
CBD Hemp Oil Tinctures
What is a tincture? You might’ve seen or heard of CBD tinctures online. Their history is actually quite long due to being a more general format of storing oils and plant essences in oil. Tinctures are a method of extracting and storing cannabis oil and cannabinoids into a fat soluble liquid like MCT or glycerol, that can then be mixed into the substrate oil and suspended into it in order to create an even and effective dosage. Tinctures have been in use for at least a hundred years amongst botanists and pharmaceutical businesses, enabling the storage and use of plant botanicals and essences in oil and liquid form for dosage control and delivery. Carrier oils are used with tinctures to suspend the rich cannabinoid containing oil, typically these are MCT (medium chain triglyceride), olive or grapeseed oil. For tinctures to work and be bioactive (usable by the body), the cannabis matter inserted into the oil must be decarboxylated before producing the end product. This activates the CBD and THC within the plant matter, allowing the body to absorb it. Tinctures are a great way to control dose and ensure you get the most from the cbd hemp oil, we recommend using an MCT carrier for best results.
When someone refers to CBD Hemp Oil or CBD Oil they’re really referring to a tincture – they’re terms that can be used in place of one another. Tinctures can be taken sublingually or ingested, sublingual application means absorption is more rapid to the bloodstream. Adding into foods that have high fat content like coffee or peanut butter helps with absorption, increasing bioavailability.
The great thing – and why this method is so popular – about tinctures is they’re extremely easy, convenient and effective to consume. You can carry tincture vials easily, dose on a very accurate and progressive basis and ensure that you’re getting the right amount of CBD for your condition and needs. Squeeze directly into coffee or apply under the tongue or cheek. Another great aspect of tinctures is their discreteness and ease of transport – you can take them just about anywhere in your pocket or bag with ease and mix into food or use sublingually. Usually the only negative aspect of tinctures is the potential for strange or poor taste, but this can of course be overcome by combining with foods or purchasing flavoured varieties.
Edible Products for CBD Hemp
What is an edible? This refers to any ingestible format of product that can carry or contain cannabinoids which release the compounds when they are digested in the gut. You have probably heard of some of the more obvious and popular edibles like brownies or CBD gummies. But the fact is, almost any food or drink product can be turned into an edible by infusing with cannabis oils and the cannabinoids. All that is needed as a prerequisite is for the cannabis to be decarboxylated. You can find a huge range of these edible types online, from gummies and candy to sprays, capsules and sublingual CBD strips. Capsules are becoming increasingly popular vehicles for delivery, enabling the user to digest and absorb the CBD hemp oil rapidly and being convenient and consistent dosages. Each of the different edible types has their place and use, with each offering different flavours, textures and advantages. New forms and methods of edible creation and use are being developed continually, and we recommend experimenting
Conclusions on How to Use CBD Hemp Oil
How you use CBD and the method selected depends entirely on your goals and preferences. We’ve taken a look today at how cannabinoids like CBD, CBG, CBD and THC are extracted from the cannabis or hemp plant in various extraction methods end to end. From growth and harvesting, trimming and sorting, processing and curing the plant. We then looked at how resin and extracts are removed from the plant matter through industrial methods either with solvents or through solvent-less methods (such as Co2 gas) that help to reduce potential industrial by-product contamination with solvents. Finally we did a deep dive into the types of CBD hemp oil end products including tinctures, creams and edibles, the benefits, drawbacks and some important notes on each. Our last comment would be we recommend tinctures or CBD oil as the optimal method due to ability for dosage control and its flexibility yet effectiveness.