CBD Oil: What is it and What Does it Do? (101 Guide)

What is CBD Oil?

Despite its huge growth in popularity and meteoric rise in use, a very common question we still receive is ‘What is CBD Oil?’.

Understanding what it is, where it comes from and what it does will help you demystify it.

But more importantly, it will help you avoid misconceptions and pitfalls when you use it.

Although the use of CBD oil is widespread, it is poorly understood. Many people buy products they don’t need or that don’t work. 

The uses of CBD oil are extraordinarily varied:

  • Athletes use it to reduce soreness and enhance recovery.
  • Many women use it to alleviate period pain.
  • Older people with arthritis commonly take CBD oil for joint soreness.
  • Many people use it to manage anxiety and stress.

It’s valuable, too, as a daily support for holistic well-being and mental energy.

Regardless of how you take advantage of this natural extract from hemp, it’s crucial first to understand what CBD oil is.

The importance of this understanding has become amplified recently. CBD oil has become legal in more locations, such as Australia. Its increased availability means you should really grasp the basics of the product if you’re considering buying it.

Low-dose CBD oil is now available in Australia from pharmacies and can be bought without a prescription since regulations changed in 2021. Many people also buy it online in Australia. Arming yourself with the correct information about it is now invaluable.

This 101 guide on CBD oil will help you learn what it is, how it’s made and what it does.

We’ll cover everything you need to know, including tips on choosing the right product for your needs.

What is CBD Oil?

Introduction to CBD

The cannabis plant contains a range of cannabinoids, which are bioavailable compounds that the human body can absorb.

One of these cannabinoids is called ‘Cannabidiol’, or CBD.

In its purest form, CBD is a crystalline powder. After it’s extracted from the hemp plant, the fully isolated form of the cannabinoid is a crystal. The pure powder form can easily be infused into various mediums to create consumable products. It’s frequently diffused in CBD gummies, ointments, capsules, edibles, and pills. Combining it into other mediums makes it easier to take.

CBD is rarely ever consumed as a powder. It’s most commonly taken in an oil form. This oil will contain the cannabinoid and other hemp phytonutrients, like terpenes and antioxidants.

Despite being from cannabis, CBD isn’t psychoactive. It offers unique health benefits for the mind and body without causing any ‘high’ or intoxication. It’s suitable for health and recovery-enhancing purposes because of its therapeutic benefits.

The body absorbs CBD molecules via special receptors called ‘cannabinoid receptors’. These receptors exist throughout the brain, CNS and body. They are what make the cannabinoid usable.

Due to the rich therapeutic potential of CBD oil, scientists have extensively studied it for medical applications. For example, it is used in a clinical medication called Epidiolex as a treatment for epilepsy. It has also been developed into numerous consumer products to promote well-being and assist with certain health conditions.

Does it Contain THC?

CBD oil won’t have THC in it above 0.3% concentrations, as it’s produced from industrial hemp as opposed to medical cannabis.

THC is the psychoactive cannabinoid that occurs in cannabis. It does have some therapeutic properties but carries a high risk of mental harm due to its psychoactivity. Due to being more potent than CBD, it also has much more significant side effects and can cause addiction. Lowering its concentrations in hemp enables CBD oil to be produced at higher purity and safety.

What are the differences between these two types of cannabis varieties?

Industrial Hemp

In Australia, most CBD oil is extracted from industrial hemp. While these plants are still ‘cannabis’, they’re actually extremely low in THC.

The plants have been selectively bred over time to modify the cannabinoids they produce. These hemp variants contain only CBD. In some cases, they may be cultivated to contain no cannabinoids. This is often the case for hemp being farmed for commercial purposes, like hemp fibre used in construction.

CBD oil from industrial hemp correspondingly contains almost no THC.

Medical Cannabis

The other variant of hemp is medical cannabis. In Australia, this variety of the plant is strictly controlled and bred only for medical purposes. Unlike industrial hemp, medical cannabis contains high amounts of THC. It is used as a source of medical cannabis products that contain this cannabinoid. These are all prescription-only. Examples include cannabis oil, flowers, THC vapes and edibles.

Doctors can prescribe medical cannabis for very specific conditions when other treatment options haven’t proven successful.

Where Does CBD Oil Come From?

Where CBD comes from

CBD itself comes from the cannabis plant. However, it can only be isolated from the plant through a multi-stage extraction process.

To unpack this further, let’s run through how it’s extracted into a usable oil form.

How it’s Made

How CBD oil is made will vary depending on the formulation being produced. In all cases, however, it must be extracted from raw cannabis resin.

Before oil extraction, this resin must first be obtained. It’s created by harvesting, drying, and compressing cannabis plants into a very dense mixture of oil and plant solids.

Further refinement of resin is required to extract pure CBD oil. This can be done using gases like CO2 or Solvents.

Let’s take a look at the process for each.

Supercritical CO2 Extraction

CO2 extraction is the best method for extracting CBD oil, as it uses only inert gas and eliminates the risk of the oil becoming contaminated by solvents.

This extraction method is the most complex and costly but produces the most pure product.

During supercritical CO2 extraction, cannabis resin is passed through multiple highly pressurized chambers where CO2 gas is heated and passed through it at extreme pressures.

The heat and pressure separate the resin because each component has differing densities. Plant matter can then be removed from the liquid extract.

For isolate CBD oil, this plant matter is discarded.

However, some of the matter is kept stable and retained in the extract for full-spectrum CBD oil.
High purity is achieved because no harsh chemicals or solvents are used during processing. As such, the risk of solvent residues left in the extract is prevented.

Solvent Extraction

CBD oil can also be extracted using solvents. It’s a lower-cost method that produces a product of lower strength, purity and safety.

A solvent is a liquid that can dissolve other substances through a chemical reaction. Solvents such as ethanol are used in this extraction method to break down the cannabis resin.

Unfortunately, this process damages or destroys many beneficial plant nutrients like flavonoids and antioxidants. It means the final extract is not as nutritious or healthy.

Additionally, solvents can cause degrade cannabinoids like CBD, which reduces the potency and quality of solvent-extracted CBD oil.

Heat is applied to the solvent mixture to accelerate its chemical reaction with the resin and aid in the decomposition of plant matter.

This heat is also used to evaporate the solvent after extraction. Doing so enables its removal from the final pure oil. Once extraction is complete, the oil must be re-filtered to remove any remaining traces of solvent. Many are toxic and harmful if consumed (like ethanol).

However, the process is never guaranteed to remove all solvent traces. Some inevitably remain in the final CBD oil. The risk of contamination with ethanol or other harmful chemicals is high, even when all precautions are taken.

What is CBD Oil Made Of?

Now you know where CBD oil comes from, understanding what it’s made of should be clearer.

Pure CBD oil is highly similar to hemp oil in its chemical makeup. Both of these products are plant-based ‘oils’ as their name suggests. Oils from plants are made of fats.

This isn’t a problem in the case of oil from hemp, as the fats it contains are PUFAs or polyunsaturated fatty acids. PUFAs are incredibly good for you. They help to:

  • Reduce the risk of heart diseases
  • Support brain health
  • Aid with cardiovascular function and blood pressure
  • Offer antioxidative and anti-inflammatory benefits.

They help the body remove bad fats like LDL, helping lower cholesterol. CBD oil consists mainly of these fats, making it great for the heart and brain.

One tablespoon of CBD oil contains approximately:

  • 130 calories
  • 14g of fat
  • 0g of protein
  • 0g of carbohydrates

In other words, it’s almost entirely made of plant-based fats from hemp. While fats are high in calories per serving, this shouldn’t dissuade you.

CBD oil drops won’t add much to your caloric intake and provide nutrient-dense, antioxidative fatty acids. These nutritional benefits are a great complement to the product’s therapeutic properties.

What Does it Do in the Body?

CBD oil has many therapeutic effects within the body that occur through the endocannabinoid system.

But to activate this system, the cannabinoid must first be consumed and absorbed.

When CBD oil is consumed, its cannabinoids are first passed into the blood. This can happen through digestion, sublingual absorption or inhalation into the bloodstream.

The blood transports cannabinoid compounds to the liver.

In the liver, these compounds are broken down. They’re converted into cannabinoid metabolites by liver enzymes.

These metabolites are transported via the blood to cannabinoid receptors throughout the body. Cannabinoid receptors form a crucial part of the endocannabinoid system or ECS.

Endocannabinoid System

The ECS is present in all mammals, including humans.

It plays a role in homeostasis and regulating processes like sleep, immunity, memory, appetite and mood. When activated by cannabinoid metabolites, the cannabinoid receptors of the ECS release endocannabinoids or ‘endogenous cannabinoids’. Endogenous means these cannabinoids are produced naturally by the body itself.

Endocannabinoids have potent anti-inflammatory, anxiolytic, and pain-alleviating therapeutic properties.

Their benefits are not only limited to humans. Other mammals with an endocannabinoid system can take advantage of their effects. This includes pets such as dogs, cats, and horses.

What is CBD Oil Good For?

CBD oil is good for many things because of the broad-sweeping benefits of endocannabinoids in the body.

  • Everyday health product: Many use CBD oil to improve their mental energy, mood, and focus. They might not target endocannabinoids towards a particular condition but instead use them to bolster overall health.
  • Recovery & performance: endocannabinoids can help with recovery and exercise performance. That’s because they aid with stress management, lower inflammation and support metabolism. In combination, these effects boost performance in athletes over time.
  • Sleep enhancement: it’s common for people to take advantage of the calming effects of endocannabinoids to sleep better. It’s a great use of CBD oil, enabling users to sleep deeper and longer. Some find it helps them sleep faster by relaxing at night.
  • Anti-inflammation: endocannabinoids are anti-inflammatory, helping to minimise inflammation in the body. They assist with downregulating overactive immune responses, which can occur with chronic inflammation. They’re valuable in mitigating rheumatoid arthritis, colitis and similar inflammatory issues.
  • Health conditions: CBD oil is good for targeted relief from particular chronic conditions in many. Keep in mind it doesn’t work for everyone or all health issues. But can assist with anxiety, arthritis, psoriasis, some pain types, epilepsy and blood pressure problems. Using it should always be done with the guidance of your physician.

Types of CBD Oil Explained

Types of CBD Oil

CBD oil comes in multiple types that differ.

Each type will have:

  • Distinct concentrations of the CBD cannabinoid (their strength)
  • Differing mixtures of minor cannabinoids like CBG or CBN along with CBD (their formulation)
  • Varying concentrations of phytonutrients like terpenes, fatty acids, plant matter and antioxidants

These variations in characteristics of differing CBD oil types influence what each type is best for.

There are three of these types. These are:

Isolate 

Isolate CBD oil is the purest and most refined version of the product. It has the highest CBD concentrations but lower minor cannabinoid content. This type of oil also removes all traces of THC, which can be advantageous.

Full-spectrum

Full-spectrum CBD oil is the least refined. It contains the entire spectrum of other phytonutrients and minor cannabinoids that occur in cannabis, including minor traces of THC. Full-spectrum CBD oil also retains raw plant matter, terpenes, and other nutrients from hemp.

Minor cannabinoids can include CBG, CBA, CBC, and CBN. Each of these has distinctive therapeutic benefits, which can often complement those of CBD.

In combination, the nutrients in full-spectrum products are typically more effective than CBD alone. Many are synergistic and amplify each other. For example, terpenes like linalool or myrcene can increase the absorption of cannabinoids, bolstering their beneficial effects.

Broad-spectrum

In contrast to full-spectrum types, broad-spectrum CBD oil filters out most of the plant matter and nutrients from hemp. It’s more refined to reduce or eliminate THC content.

This makes it safer to use versus full-spectrum products for those who can’t risk THC consumption.
Broad-spectrum products contain a ‘broad spectrum’ of cannabinoids from hemp and terpenes but filter out most other plant matter and nutrients. They’re often formulated to contain high amounts of specific cannabinoids. For example, some broad-spectrum CBD oils are very high in CBN or CBG. In turn, they provide more targeted effects from these minor cannabinoids. For example, CBN tends to have very strong advantages for sleep quality or mitigating insomnia.

Which Type Should I Choose?

Choosing a CBD Oil Type

Picking the right CBD oil can be challenging.

There are a vast number of options on the market today. The jargon and terminology surrounding these products add further confusion, making navigating product choices difficult.

The first consideration in product selection is whether you can risk consuming trace amounts of THC. If you drive or are drug tested often, full-spectrum CBD oil can cause problems because it contains tiny amounts of THC.

After this, you’ll need to decide on what purpose you’re using the product for. Each product type will have particular advantages for different health or well-being purposes.

Best Option for Beginners

If trace amounts of THC aren’t a concern, opt for a full-spectrum CBD oil to begin with.

It’s suitable for beginners as the ‘full-spectrum’ of phytonutrients and terpenes helps to maximise CBD’s benefits through the entourage effect.

Terpenes in the oil trigger this effect. Terpenes are natural scent compounds occurring in hemp. They boost the uptake of cannabinoids like CBD in the body’s receptors. Due to this, you won’t need as much oil to get more robust effects.

Additionally, full-spectrum formulations contain many antioxidants, phytonutrients, vitamins and helpful fatty acids that are removed in isolated CBD oils. It would be remiss to not take advantage of such potent and beneficial compounds for well-being.

Selection Considerations

While full-spectrum products are a good starting point for most, they don’t need to remain your only option. It’s a good idea to try different CBD products and formulations over time to see what works for you. Everyone has differing experiences and responses to particular products. It’s unlikely you’ll find the best option for you on your first try.

When choosing a CBD oil, consider your needs, personal preferences, tastes and health goals.

The main advantages of each type to consider are:

  • If you want the maximum concentration of CBD to target a specific issue, then isolate oils with higher potency may be a better option for you. These also have the advantage and safety of containing no THC, making them the safest choice.
  • Broad-spectrum CBD oil can be beneficial in providing heightened levels of CBG, CBN, or other minor cannabinoids for specific purposes. It also enables you to benefit from the entourage effect due to its terpene content while eliminating THC quantities.
  • Full-spectrum CBD oil is excellent for beginners or those who want the combined powers of hemp’s anti-inflammatory nutrients. However, it can pose issues for those who can’t consume THC as it will contain trace quantities of this cannabinoid.

Drug Testing Safety

Because full-spectrum CBD oil contains trace amounts of THC (usually less than 0.3%), it poses more risk for people who are screened for drugs in their system.

The reason for this is that even trace amounts of THC can show up on drug tests. THC can also accumulate in the body over time, which amplifies these risks. You might not be impaired at all or feel different, but you could still be at risk.

This can be a significant problem in Australia, where roadside drug testing is regularly performed on drivers. You can fail one of these tests due to consuming THC unknowingly in your full-spectrum product.

To avoid THC entirely, choose isolate products. These contain only pure CBD with no other cannabinoids. Always avoid low-quality CBD oils as they may have much higher THC levels than advertised or labelled.

In addition, they’re often contaminated with heavy metals or pesticides that can harm your health.

What’s in CBD Oil?

What's in CBD oil?

The compounds CBD oil contains will differ depending on the type of oil and how it was produced.

Let’s consider full-spectrum formulas here so you can understand the full range of nutrients that can be found in these products.

Here’s a quick summary of what is in the product:

CBDa

A range of minor cannabinoids are contained in full-spectrum CBD oil. One of these is CBDa. CBDa stands for Cannabidiolic acid. It’s the precursor to CBD. When its acid molecule is removed via decarboxylation, it converts into CBD.

CBDa is found in the cannabis plant’s stems, leaves, and buds. It’s highly anti-inflammatory and antioxidative. It offers particular benefits for metabolic health and helps to defend cells from damage. CBDa is less bioavailable in the human body and harder to absorb, making it less useful overall.

CBN

Another minor cannabinoid is cannabinol or CBN. This cannabinoid is derived from THC when it is chemically decomposed via oxidation (from high temperatures or oxygen exposure).

CBN is non-psychoactive and has excellent health benefits. Like CBD, it can activate the endocannabinoid system. It’s particularly powerful at stimulating sleep-regulating benefits. CBN can help with circadian rhythm, sleep length, REM-stage sleep quality and counteracting insomnia. It is known as the ‘sleepy cannabinoid’ for these reasons.

Trace Minerals

Full-spectrum CBD oil is a great natural source of trace minerals. It’s rich in salts such as phosphorus, calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium, and zinc. These minerals are essential for maintaining brain, heart, and nervous system function.

They’re also great for exercise performance and recovery as electrolytes. Electrolytes are needed for nerve cells to fire correctly. Ensuring an adequate intake of them helps prevent muscle aches or cramps. Some minerals like magnesium are even effective for stress relief. They help support the immune system to relax and perform optimally.

While it’s not usually the main reason people use CBD oil, its mineral content is a valuable complementary benefit.

Vitamins

CBD oil contains many vitamins that promote good health. Like many other plants, hemp plants have vitamin E, small amounts of C and B vitamins (such as folate), plus vitamin D3. These are essential for hormonal production, metabolism, mood regulation and cardiovascular well-being.

Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids

Many plant-based oils are rich in long-chain fatty acids, which are great for the brain and heart. This includes CBD oil. It’s similar to healthy fat sources from plants such as nuts and seeds, plus olive or coconut oil.

The primary healthy fats in the product are omega 3, omega 6, gamma-linolenic acid and alpha-linolenic acid. Each of these is antioxidative anti-inflammatory and can enhance cognitive function. They also help to keep the arteries clear and prevent heart disease. Using them daily is excellent for cardiovascular health and circulation. But further, healthy fats are used to produce and regulate hormones. Getting enough of them is key to healthy hormone levels. Essential fatty acids like omega-3 are also neuroprotective. They can help protect neurons, bolster memory and aid with learning.

Phytonutrients

Phytonutrients are unique antioxidative nutrients that only occur in plant matter. Full-spectrum CBD oil contains over 80 phytonutrients, each with distinct health benefits. Like fruit and vegetables, hemp contains various helpful antioxidant compounds that help protect the cells and slow aging.

Some of these include flavonoids, lignans, cannflavins, phytosterols and terpenes. Many of these help protect, support, and repair cells. Additionally, they can assist the body to reduce and prevent inflammation. Consuming antioxidants from plants like hemp can help lower cancer risk, defend against inflammatory conditions, and reduce the risk of heart disease.

Will CBD Get Me High?

CBD oil won’t get you high. It is not psychoactive. It produces no “high” or consciousness-altering effects, even in high doses.

This is because CBD indirectly interacts with the CB1 cannabinoid receptors in the brain. It’s milder than THC, which powerfully acts on these receptors.

This interaction results in THC’s psychoactivity. It triggers a euphoric response and endorphin release when consumed.

In contrast, most people who use CBD oil report simply feeling calmer and at ease after taking it. However, their motor skills and cognition will remain unchanged.

It’s a far more suitable option for a broader range of people than THC because of its safety. CBD oil has a much lower risk of side effects plus won’t trigger mental disorders, unlike THC. THC can even cause psychosis in people with existing or underlying mental illnesses. It’s also addictive and can become habit-forming in those with predispositions.

Conclusion

Let’s recap on what CBD oil is and what it does.

This product is a liquid extract derived from cannabis sativa through either CO2 or solvent extraction.

It has potent therapeutic properties via the endocannabinoid system.

The oil itself is made of naturally occurring healthy fats from hemp.

Because of its cannabinoid and nutrient content, CBD oil is good for both holistic well-being and targeting relief from particular health problems.

It’s known to help lower anxiety, alleviate pain, promote better sleep, and fight inflammation.

There are three types of CBD oil: full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and isolate. These have different characteristics and cannabinoid and nutrient compositions. Each has advantages and drawbacks.

For beginners, full-spectrum CBD oil tends to be the best starting point.

Isolates are best for those who can’t risk consuming THC or are drug tested.

Broad-spectrum formulations are great for balancing minimal THC levels and minor cannabinoid content.

Experiment to find the right CBD oil option that best meets your needs. Regardless of the formulation, you should always seek out CO2-extracted products. These are of higher purity and lower risk of contamination than extracts produced using solvents.

Notably, CBD oil won’t get you high and is not intoxicating. It’s much safer to use than products that contain THC.

FAQs

What is CBD FAQs
What is CBD oil used for?

CBD oil is used for several health purposes, depending on an individual’s needs. It can be used as a general focus, mood and well-being enhancer for daily inflammation reduction and sleep enhancement. Many target it at specific chronic health conditions like arthritis, anxiety, pain and depression. Some of the most common uses of CBD oil are:
Anxiety and Depression: the product has antidepressant and anxiety-lowering qualities, helping users to remain calm, improve their mood and improve their mental state. It has natural anxiolytic qualities that promote relaxation and reduce racing thoughts.
Pain Management: CBD oil can help with some pain types, such as neuropathic pain. It does this by reducing our perception of pain through endocannabinoid activity. For acute or severe pain, it won’t offer much benefit.
Epilepsy: Epidiolex, a CBD-based medication, is already being used to treat different types of epilepsy in both children and adults. It has neuroprotective properties, helping it to prevent neurological degradation, seizures and mental disorders arising from the misfiring of neurons.
Sleep Disorders: the extract helps people rest and relax to ease into deeper sleep. It helps improve sleep quality and recovery from better REM phase sleep. Some even find it helps with mild insomnia.
Inflammation: many cannabinoids and terpenes have anti-inflammatory properties and can help fight inflammatory conditions like IBS, colitis and rheumatoid arthritis. They help lower inflammatory markers by downregulating the inflammation response, reducing the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Cytokines are a signalling immune system protein but can stimulate tissue damage if excessively produced.

Is CBD the same as Marijuana?

CBD is different to Marijuana. CBD is a cannabinoid that is extracted from cannabis but isn’t psychoactive. It’s only used for therapeutic purposes. In contrast, Marijuana is a variety of cannabis bred to contain high amounts of THC. It will include various cannabinoids, including CBD, but it is not legal in Australia and has the potential to cause mental harm or addiction. CBD can be derived from both hemp and marijuana plants. It does not produce a “high” because it is non-psychoactive.

What is the downside of CBD oil?

CBD oil is widely known to be very safe, but there are some side effects or downsides to be aware of. In particular, new users or those taking high dosages are at higher risk of experiencing some of the following common adverse reactions: dry mouth or low saliva production, gut irritation and diarrhoea, reduced or increased appetite and drowsiness or dizziness.
CBD impacts the liver’s P450 enzyme levels when consumed. If combined with other medications that are also broken down in the liver, it can cause liver toxicity in some cases. Don’t mix it with your medications unless you first clear any potential risks with your doctor.

Is CBD a drug?

CBD itself is not a drug, but it may be included or isolated in various cannabis medicines. For example, in Australia, the TGA has approved a range of low and high-dose CBD products to be sold via prescription.

What are the pros and cons of CBD oil?

Like any bioactive compound, CBD has pros and cons. Despite being entirely natural and safe from plants, it has downsides that can be experienced if the product is misused or combined with other medications.
Pros:
CBD oil can help relieve pain, particularly neuropathic pain and minor aches.
Anxiety and stress can be reduced using it via its anxiolytic and calming qualities.
CBD’s neuroprotective effects mean it can assist in fighting epilepsy, preventing neuro-degradation and supporting reduced neuroinflammation in the brain cells.
Non-psychoactive and non-addictive: it isn’t habit-forming and doesn’t act on the dopamine system.
Cons:
Possible side effects: while generally mild, CBD has several noted side effects to be aware of, like drowsiness.
Lack of regulation in the market: many CBD products in Australia are fake or mislabelled, making them often risky to buy and use.
Travel: travelling with CBD oil can be tricky as you must always carry your prescription or purchase receipt. Going overseas with your product isn’t always possible as it’s illegal in many countries (despite being legal in Australia).

Is CBD good for joint pain?

CBD has both analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties, making it helpful in suppressing joint or arthritis pains and aches. It helps lower nociception or our subjective feelings from nerve pain signals. Many users with arthritis have reported finding relief from the aches in their knees and elbows. It also helps reduce inflammation, which accompanies joint conditions like rheumatoid arthritis resulting from chronic inflammation.

Does CBD oil work for anxiety?

CBD oil is known as a potent stress and anxiety-alleviating chemical because of its action on the endocannabinoid and serotonergic brain receptors. It can stimulate feelings of calmness and better mood, plus reduce distress, which helps it promote resilience against anxious feelings. Studies have shown promising results in its anxiolytic potential, in addition to presenting antidepressant qualities. These effects are common to many other cannabinoids like CBN and CBG, plus many terpenes such as linalool.

What does CBD oil do to your brain?

CBD interacts with cannabinoid type 1 receptors in the brain’s endocannabinoid system plus can directly affect the serotonin and vanilloid pain receptors. Each plays a role in regulating neurological processes, including pain perception, mood, and sleep or circadian rhythm. CBD’s effects via its brain receptor interactions include reducing depression and anxiety, modulating pain perception and protecting the neurons from misfiring or being damaged by oxidation.

How long does CBD take to kick in?

Typically, CBD will kick in within 1-2 hours of being ingested and last for around 4-5 hours in its duration of effect. The onset of initial effects can vary in timing, depending on factors like weight and metabolism, how the product is consumed (e.g., orally vs. transdermally), strength and dosage, and whether it’s consumed with food. The fastest-acting forms of CBD are inhaled or taken sublingually, as they can diffuse into the blood the most rapidly. These can take effect within 15-30 minutes but will still usually require an hour or two to reach their full results in the body. Some individuals don’t feel the effects of CBD at all but may still be deriving its health benefits.

What part of the cannabis plant is CBD oil made from?

Most CBD oils are ‘whole plant’ extracted or produced from all parts of the cannabis plant. The advantage of this is it provides a blend of cannabinoids and nutrients in the product because each plant part has a differing concentration of these nutrients. The cannabis plant’s flowers, leaves, and stalks all contain CBD and other cannabinoids, but they’re most concentrated in the buds and leaves.

What is real CBD oil made from?

Real CBD oil is made from hemp, which has been cultivated and processed via CO2 extraction in a controlled, quality-monitored manner. This offers the best extract purity while limiting the risk of contamination with THC or solvents. Industrial hemp should also be used to prevent THC from making its way into the product so it remains legal, non-addictive and non-psychoactive.